Rosacea is a common, long-term skin disorder that causes flushing and redness of the face. Rosacea can cause a rash or small red lesions that look similar to acne. Ocular rosacea affects the eyes making them red and irritated.
Rosacea symptoms are commonly triggered by:
The cause of rosacea is unknown. There may be a genetic link for some.
Rosacea is more common in women between 30 and 50 years old. Other factors that may increase the chances of rosacea:
The hallmark symptoms of rosacea are facial flushing and redness. Other symptoms may occur that vary from person to person.
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done, including an examination of your skin. You may be referred to a doctor who specializes in skin disorders.
There is no cure for rosacea. Treatment is focused on reducing symptoms and is based on your specific needs. Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment includes:
Decreasing irritation and triggers is important to managing symptoms. The following may be helpful:
Prescription medications to treat rosacea symptoms include:
Certain oral acne medications may also be recommended for severe rosacea.
The following procedures may be used to minimize redness and enlarged blood vessels:
There are no current guidelines to prevent rosacea because the cause is unknown.
American Academy of Dermatology
National Rosacea Society
Canadian Dermatology Association
Ocular rosacea. All About Vision website. Available at: http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/ocular-rosacea.htm. Updated August 2017. Accessed March 6, 2018.
Rosacea. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/acne-and-rosacea/rosacea. Accessed March 6, 2018.
Rosacea. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116224/Rosacea. Updated February 26, 2018. Accessed March 6, 2018.
Rosacea. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/rosacea. Updated April 2014. Accessed March 6, 2018.
Rosacea. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/rosacea. Updated April 30, 2016. Accessed March 6, 2018.
Sunscreen FAQs. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: https://www.aad.org/media/stats/prevention-and-care/sunscreen-faqs. Accessed March 6, 2018.
van Zuuren EJ, Fedorowicz Z, Carter B, van der Linden MM, Charland L. Interventions for rosacea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;(4):CD003262.
Last reviewed March 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Monica Zangwill, MD, MPH
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.