Anal warts are found around and inside the anus. They are caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Anal wart surgery is a procedure to remove or destroy anal warts.
The surgery is done to remove or destroy anal warts if other treatments, like applying medications, are unsuccessful or not advised. Surgery may also be ideal if there are many warts or if the warts are large. If warts are not removed, they can become bigger and multiply. Warts may also lead to an increased risk of anal cancer in the affected area.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
Your doctor may recommend that you clean out your bowels before surgery. To do this:
Anesthesia will block any pain. Depending on the location and number of warts, you may either have:
There are different types of surgeries used to remove or destroy anal warts. The type of surgery you will have will depend on different factors, like the number and size of warts. Below is a list of possible procedures:
This depends on the type of procedure that will be used. It may take several minutes for most procedures.
Anesthesia will block any pain during the procedure. After the procedure, you may feel some pain in and around the anus. Your doctor will give you pain medication to make you more comfortable.
This procedure is commonly done in an outpatient setting, so you will not need to stay in the hospital. You will be able to go home the day of the surgery.
Following the procedure, the staff may provide you with pain medication to make you more comfortable.
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery. This may include eating foods that are high in fiber and drink plenty of fluids. This will prevent straining and constipation.
Call your doctor if any of these occur:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Sex & U—The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. Updated January 25, 2017. Accessed January 10, 2018.
Anal warts and anal dysplasia expanded information. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/anal-warts-and-anal-dysplasia-expanded-information. Accessed January 10, 2018.
Genital warts. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/genital-warts. Updated April 2014. Accessed January 10, 2018.
Hainer B, Usatine RB. Electrosurgery for the skin. Am Fam Physician. 2002;66(7):1259-1267.
Removal of anal warts. University of Wisconsin Health website. Available at: https://www.uwhealth.org/healthfacts/dhc/5772.html. Accessed January 10, 2018.
Last reviewed December 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.